By Petra Gruber
The aim of investigating the overlaps among structure and biology is neither to attract borders or make extra differences nor to claim structure alive, yet to elucidate what's at the moment taking place within the blurred fields, and to enquire the rising self-discipline of biomimetics in structure» [Architekturbionik]. an summary of the current nation of analysis within the fairly younger clinical box of biomimetics indicates the opportunity of the procedure. the hot self-discipline goals at innovation by way of employing the sophisticated platforms and options in nature having developed inside of thousands of years. methods which have been taken to move natures rules to structure have supplied profitable advancements. the recent process awarded during this e-book transfers the summary proposal of lifestyles onto outfitted surroundings. Strategic look for lifes standards in structure grants a brand new view of architectural achievements and makes the leading edge capability obvious, which has now not been exploited yet.
A choice of case stories illustrates the variety of beginning issues: from vernacular structure to area exploration.
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Extra info for Biomimetics in Architecture: Architecture of Life and Buildings
59 Diatom shell. 60 Two-dimensional polyhedron network, soap foam, Frei Otto. Inspiration Quite commonly, architects, designers and artists take inspiration from nature. Luigi Colani's exhibition in the London Design Museum in spring 2007 is a good example: it is called "translating nature" and juxtaposes the work of Ernst Haeckel with the famous designer's own projects, most of them elegantly shaped technical devices, vehicles, trains and airplanes. "Whenever we talk about biodesign we should simply bear in mind just how amazingly superior a spider's web is to any load-bearing structure man has made – and then derive from this insight that we should look to the superiority of nature for the solutions.
The connection between the concepts of technical design by humans and design in nature holds advantages. 55 "Berwian", biomimetic wind turbine. , Müller W. 31 87 E. 4 Schlüsseltechnologien im 21. 25 Background | Bionics [Bionik] Biomimetics 39 At that time, in 1968, theories for calculating complex ﬂow had not yet been developed, so there was no way of arriving at a better theoretical solution. Hans-Paul Schwefel and Ingo Rechenberg succeeded in increasing the efﬁciency of the nozzle by applying artiﬁcial evolution to the problem.
Different control mechanisms are active, depending on the environmental temperature. Cool air is sucked upwards from subterranean channels, cooling the mushroom shaped nest below the mound. During the night the air stream is reversed and regenerates the reservoir of cool air. Particular systems use deep channels to the ground water to gain additional cooling energy through evaporation. 78 The reason for all this effort is to control humidity and temperature, in order to provide a stable environment for the termites and their offspring in the nest, and for some species also for their symbiotic fungi.