Download PDF by John Hinds: Aspects of Japanese discourse structure

Download PDF by John Hinds: Aspects of Japanese discourse structure

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A) (b) Please take the cards one at a time. Please, each ofyou take a card. The reticulum requires that all participants in a conversation be represented so that the ambiguity of this sentence can be clarified directly. (41) PER 11, , ( B MP] [+SP] / - EL t- to HAD] , (40a) (421 PER i" A B c D E EL ” f+sP] T IMP] ' Z [+Ao]/ H [+AD] , W t T l , [+AD] [+AD] _ , (401)) Since there is only one participant marked {+AD] in (41), this sentence means (4021). In (42), because more than one participant 52 ASPECTS OF JAPANESE DISCOURSE STRUCTURE is marked [+AD], the sentence means (4013).

Additionally, this dually patterned structure is present whether the discourse is essentially a monologue or a dialogue. We may perceive of the discourse progressing along two parallel lines: first, the story line plots the sequential progression of paragraphs; second, the event Jine plots the sequential progression of sentences. We may also picture a pcrformative clause as being superordinate to these lines, indicating which speaker says what. Consider again the section of dialogue presented first in Chapter II.

This set may be represented 43 ASPECTS OF JAPANESE DISCOURSE STRUCTURE as in (35). at (35) km +SP -III This indicates that the referents are the speaker and the addressee, and no one else. Performative Verb Shift Performative verbs correspond to sentence types. [SAY] corresponds to a declarative sentence, [IMP] corresponds to an imperative, [ASK] to a WH- or yes-no question, etc. (36) represents a portion ofdialogue with only a change in sentence type. (36) A. (a) enter A. A. atetatrea (C) FIE I/C ii .

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