Download e-book for kindle: Armageddon Averted: The Soviet Collapse, 1970-2000: Soviet by Stephen Kotkin

Download e-book for kindle: Armageddon Averted: The Soviet Collapse, 1970-2000: Soviet by Stephen Kotkin

By Stephen Kotkin


"The clearest photograph we need to date of the post-Soviet landscape."--The New Yorker

"A triumph of the artwork of up to date historical past. In fewer than 2 hundred pages, Kotkin elucidates the implosion of the Soviet empire--the most vital and startling sequence of foreign occasions of the previous fifty years--and in actual fact spells out why, thank you nearly fullyyt to the 'principal restraint' of the Soviet management, that cave in did not bring about a cataclysmic conflict, as all specialists had lengthy forecasted."-The Atlantic Monthly

"Concise and persuasive The secret, for Kotkin, isn't really quite a bit why the Soviet Union collapsed as why it did so with so little collateral damage."--The long island overview of Books

About the Author

Stephen Kotkin is Professor of eu and Asian background at Princeton collage, the place he additionally directs the Russian-Eurasian reviews application. he's the writer of 9 books.

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Additional resources for Armageddon Averted: The Soviet Collapse, 1970-2000: Soviet Collapse Since 1970

Sample text

When crowds suddenly cracked the Berlin Wall in late 1989, and when Eastern Europe was allowed to break from the Soviet grip, dumb-founded analysts (myself included) began to wonder if the rest of the Kremlin’s empire, the Union republics, might also separate. That made the years 1990–91 a time of still higher drama, because, although it had been destabilized by romantic idealism, the Soviet system still commanded a larger and more powerful military and repressive apparatus than any state in history.

9 Even more fortuitously, this desperately needed Siberian oil rush broke just as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War and accompanying oil shock caused an unexpected leap in world oil prices and the greatest economic boon the Soviet Union had ever experienced. Without the discovery of Siberian oil, the Soviet Union might have collapsed decades earlier. From 1973 to 1985, energy exports accounted for 80 percent of the USSR’s expanding hard currency earnings. And that was not all. Other oil exporting countries—top customers for Soviet weapons—saw their oil revenues increase from $23 billion in 1972 to $140 billion in 1977.

However, the Soviet leaders are not going to commit political suicide. (Vladimir Bukovsky, 1989) Virtually everyone seems to think the Soviet Union was collapsing before 1985. They are wrong. Most people also think the Soviet collapse ended in 1991. Wrong again. These points become readily apparent when one examines the period 1970–2000 as an integrated whole, tracing the arc of Soviet economic and political institutions before and after 1991, and when one combines a view from deep inside the system with a sober sense of the precise role of the wider context.

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