By DJM van der Voordt, HBR van Wegen
Книга structure In Use structure In Use Книги Дизайн Автор: DJM van der Voordt, HBR van Wegen Год издания: 2005 Формат: pdf Издат.:Architectural Press Страниц: 326 Размер: eight MB ISBN: 0750664576 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:This targeted booklet discusses programming, layout and construction evaluate offering a joined up method of development layout. by means of linking the sensible and architectonic features of a development, the authors convey the sensible implications of the software worth of constructions.
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Extra info for Architecture in use: an introduction to the programming, design and evaluation of buildings
With regard to town planning, the declaration stated that town planning is not aesthetically, but functionally, determined. Urban functions should be grouped according to dwellings, work, transportation and recreation. People should be brought up with good architecture and be imbued with the wholesome ideal of light, air, sun and hygiene. In 1933, CIAM proclaimed the ‘Charter of Athens’, in which the authors declared that, in the interests of hygiene and health, modern urban design must provide for the separation of the functions.
A building must have something personal to tell its users, and so convey meaning to the neighbourhood and the city. No strict rules were followed for the design itself. Expressionist architects used both organic forms and geometrical proportional systems. An artist has no need to justify himself historically or scientifically. What matters is the cogency of the design and its involvement in society. An obvious example is Mendelssohn’s expressionist design for the Potsdam Observatory (1917–1921).
The characteristic features of his architecture and that of the Delft School included a strong preference for sloping roofs, building in brick, simple geometrical shapes and small windows creating an enclosed, homely atmosphere. 17). This is not to say that functional and constructional efficiency meant nothing to the traditionalists, but their forms were based primarily on a traditional vocabulary of form. There was little liking for the abstract visual vocabulary of the functionalists. 17 Vreewijk, Rotterdam.