By United Nations
Pollution has develop into a key challenge of lifestyle in huge towns. This booklet units out the result of a venture carried out in the course of 2000-2002 to check the administration of pollution in 3 Latin American towns of Mexico urban, Sao Paulo and Santiago. The undertaking concerned about the notice and participation of the population of the affected towns concerning the challenge and the significance of citizen involvement for the improvement of powerful coverage ideas and mechanisms for pollution regulate.
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Extra info for Air Pollution and Citizen Awareness
As mentioned earlier, for example, consumption exerts more pressure than ever on the environment; but an explanation of how calls for a description of a long process, which makes it hard for people to feel responsible for the damage wrought by their individual actions. This is yet more apparent when environmental degradation is global. It is very difficult, for example, to explain clearly why the consumption of hamburgers in the United States could damage tropical forests in Brazil if information on the entire process is unavailable.
This issue is examined in the following section. 3. Change in value systems: is the environment accorded greater value? All human beings are part of a social structure, and thus their decisions are determined by their values and their worldview (Stern, Dietz and Guagnano, 1995; Inglehart 1990). Worcester (1996) defines ”value” as ”the strong waves of public opinion, which change slowly but have great force”. It is said that a human’s value system or worldview is fundamental, that it rarely changes, and that it has a great influence on perception and individual preferences, which are expressed in behaviour.
This situation calls for collective measures. 26In both developed and developing countries, efforts have begun to be made to take account of public opinion in policy-maklng. In general, it is the government, and especially local government, that makes participation possible. This section briefly analyzes the constraints on citizens’ adoption of environmentally sustainable behaviour and the measures taken to alter the conduct of the population. It also describes some recent attempts to change how policies are made and implemented.