By Jacqueline Pascal
Jacqueline Pascal (1625-1661) was once the sister of Blaise Pascal and a nun on the Jansenist Port-Royal convent in France. She used to be additionally a prolific author who argued for the non secular rights of girls and the proper of conscientious objection to royal, ecclesiastic, and kin authority.This booklet offers decisions from the complete of Pascal's profession as a author, together with her witty adolescent poetry and her pioneering treatise at the schooling of ladies, A Rule for kids, which drew on her studies as schoolmistress at Port-Royal. Readers also will locate Pascal's devotional treatise, which matched each one second in Christ's ardour with a corresponding advantage that his lady disciples should still domesticate; a transcript of her interrogation by means of church experts, during which she defended the arguable theological doctrines taught at Port-Royal; a biographical cartoon of her abbess, which awarded Pascal's belief of the right nun; and a variety of letters delivering lively defenses of Pascal's correct to perform her vocation, despite patriarchal objections.
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Additional resources for A Rule for Children and Other Writings (The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe)
22. Jacqueline Pascal, Gilberte Pascal Périer, and Marguerite Périer, Lettres, opuscules et mémoires de Madame Périer et de Jacqueline, soeurs de Pascal, et de Marguerite Périer, sa nièce, publiés sur les manuscrits originaux par M. P. Faugère, ed. Armand Prosper Faugère (Paris: Auguste Vaton, 1845). Cited throughout as LOM. 23. , ed. Jean Mesnard (Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1964 – 91). 24. Bibliothèque Mazarine: Fonds Faugère (1810 – 87). 11 12 Introduction This book includes the following works by Jacqueline Pascal: Poetry (1638–43): This section presents the major poems Jacqueline Pascal wrote during her adolescence.
In both theme and style the poetry of Jacqueline Pascal manifests a clear evolution. The political and romantic interests of the early works gradually yield to the religious preoccupations of the later poems. The subtle, meditative reflection of the mature works replaces the bombastic exercises in rhyme and rhythm of the first poems. From the perspective of gender, the poetry possesses additional interest. In several poems (“Epigram to Thank God for the Gift of Poetry,” “Stanzas on the same Subject”) Jacqueline Pascal insists that her vocation as a writer is a gift from God.
Many of her letters and later prose works bear the trace of the epigram: the concise, proverb-like phrase that is a central feature of her adolescent poetry. She also developed a taste for another fashionable salon genre: the moral portrait. Her Memoir of Mère Marie Angélique8 and numerous letters carefully evoke the moral temperament of a particular person. The Rouen years also witnessed a religious turning point for the Pascals: their entry into the Jansenist movement. In 1646 Étienne Pascal fell and broke his hip.