A History of the Council of Trent, Volume I: The Struggle by Hubert Jedin PDF

A History of the Council of Trent, Volume I: The Struggle by Hubert Jedin PDF

By Hubert Jedin

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LXXIV (1 892), pp . J. , XIII ( 1 8 9 2 ) , pp . 770 :ff. , and that of P. P. Albert, Festgabe Grauert (Freiburg I 9 I O) , pp . I I 6-3 1 , are both one-sided and antiquated . Posch, Concordantia catholica, pp. 1 63 ff. , and Heiler, Altkirchliche Autonomie, pp. 3 1 3 ff. , are too summ ary. 23 THE COUNCIL OF TRENT recourse t o the principle of divided authority. A papalist in the customary sense of the word he never became. Thus he continued to regard as fundamental the notion that the Pope exists for the building up of the Church a edificatio ecclesiae-and he would not forgo guarantees against a possible misuse of the primacy.

4 Thus the Papacy had triumphed over the conciliar movement-but at a heavy price. The chief beneficiary was the modern state which during the period of conflict had got into the habit of independent action in purely ecclesiastical questions. It had widened its authority over the Church, its offices and its property within its boundaries, and through the concordats its relations with the Papacy were based on the law of nations. 5 In the ecclesiastical conflict between Pope and Council both the national states of the West and the territories of the Empire had adopted an attitude for the most part inspired by political considera­ tions.

Carthusiensis apud Colonia1n s. d. 1440, Vat. , Reg. lat. 1 020, fols. 1 99v-2 1 2r. 34 S URV I V A L OF CO N C I L I A R T H E O RY on earth and if they acknowledge no judge-except by means of the Council? 2 " The decrees of Constance ", we read in that document, ' ' are a warning to the Church and must be regarded as such in time to come. They must be kept inviolably, even by the Pope. " I n view of its favourable attitude t o the conciliar theory, Cracow was honoured by the University of Paris, under date of I 6 March 1444, with a eulogy in which stress was laid on the struggle.

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