By Edward Denison (ed.)
The 50 most important ideas and kinds in structure, every one defined in part a minute. The bestselling 30-Second sequence deals a brand new method of studying approximately these topics you're feeling you have to particularly comprehend. each identify takes a well-liked subject and dissects it into the 50 most important principles at its middle. every one thought, regardless of how complicated, is defined utilizing an insignificant pages, three hundred phrases, and one photo: all simply digested in just part a minute. 30-Second structure provides you with the rules of architectural wisdom. professional authors are challenged to outline and describe either the foundations upon which architects rely, and the kinds with which they placed these rules into perform. So, a good way to be aware of your arch out of your elevation, and your Baroque out of your Brutalism, otherwise you desire to stock up your subsequent banquet with a stirring speech on how shape follows functionality, this can be the fastest method to construct your argument.
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Extra info for 30-Second Architecture: The 50 Most Signicant Principles and Styles in Architecture, Each Explained in Half a Minute
3-SECOND FOUNDATION Roman architecture developed from Classical Greek and introduced the arch, the dome, concrete, and mosaic tiles, and expanded the range of building types and their decoration. 3-MINUTE ELEVATION As a result of their innovations the Romans had one architectural problem unknown to the Greeks – how to bring together straight, angular forms with curved forms. This dilemma is best demonstrated at the Pantheon (c. 126), where the glorious domed concrete roof with its oculus in the centre – all held up by a massive drum – seems to bump into the linear columnar porch at the entrance.
Other building types of Classical Greece include the theatre (a large bowl of steps and seats), the hippodrome (a racing track), and the mausoleum (tomb). Classical Greek architecture is trabeated, which means it is constructed from vertical posts (columns) supporting horizontal lintels (beams). Originally of timber, in the transition to stone these basic elements became increasingly formalized and decorated. The spacing and organization of the elements followed geometric proportions designed to produce harmonious relations between the parts.
Traditionally, stone, wood and metal were the most common materials used for beams, but in recent decades combinations of materials – notably reinforced, pretensioned, or post-tensioned concrete – have greatly improved performance. 3-SECOND FOUNDATION There are many different types of beam, but in its simplest form a beam is a rigid horizontal load-bearing member supported at its ends. 3-MINUTE ELEVATION The ability of a beam to withstand vertical forces may be judged intuitively by the span-to-depth ratio.